In modern society the passing that occurs most often is a homosexual person passing for straight. Homosexuality in a way has become the black sheep in modern society. During the Harlem Renaissance racial passing was much more common, African Americans with light skin passed for white because during a time of racial segregation life as a white person was much easier than revealing an African American identity. The creation of passing can be attributed to racism, but its continuation is attributed to prejudice against homosexuality and the like.
Exploring women's issues is a consistent characteristic in Alice Walker's thematic writing scheme in her novels, essays, and poems.
Walker employs the relationship between Celie and Shug Avery in The Color Purple to explore the nature of a lesbian relationship in the midst of a patriarchal driven society.
This gives the text a perspective that falls within the realm of Showalter's gynocentric sphere of the feminine experience while giving leeway to interpretation from a Queer literary perspective.
By utilizing the epistolary technique with Celie and Shug's female characters in The Color Purple, Walker is able to illustrate the African American lesbian experience in an oppressive society, explore abuses to African American women, explore varying perspectives of lesbianism, and illustrate the perseverance of the African American feminine nature within Showalter's gynocentric Y zone of experience.
Feminist and Queer Theory In Feminism Meets Queer Theory, Elizabeth Weed asserts that evaluating literature that incorporates marginalized characters and their sexualities has to encompass a varying perspective that takes the discourse of marginality into account. Regarding Black female sexualities, Weed states that readers must bring reading strategies to the surface of their critiques that reveal the impact that marginality has on sexuality.
She also asserts that Black female sexuality has to be viewed from a different perspective than White female sexuality when associated with discourse of marginality asserting that dominant discourse will vary from marginalized discourse. Using this perspective, Weed views the Black female sexuality in The Color Purple as aligning with both lesbian and heterosexual sexual desire Contrary to Weeds assertion is the fact that Celie does not have a sexual relationship with a male that aligns with her sexual desire for Shug.
Furthermore, in seeking sexual openness outside of her marriage, she does not align herself with any other male for sexual contentment. When she does have sex with Mr. Shug has to grow into attachment to males in the heterosexual sense, and before she does, she does not possess the attachment to her male partners in the true sense of hegemonic heterosexuality.
As a matter of fact, she is referred to as a slut in terms of the hegemonic heterosexual world, and the fact that she has control of her own sexuality is unacceptable in the male dominated hetero world.
Shug and Celie Source The Epistolary Form At the beginning of the novel, Celie is portrayed as a young girl who has absolutely no say over her life. Her father determines when she has sex for the first time by rapping her, so the experience of self-sexual exploration is stolen from Celie.
The right to protest her rape is taken from her because her mother is sick, so she does not want to cause her any pain. Therefore, Walker has to find a way to give Celie a voice within the chaos of her life. By utilizing the epistolary form, Walker gives Celie a voice and a form of protest to the oppressive conditions of her life.
Within the context of letter writing, Celie is able to express how she feels without the physical abuse that is connected to her even expressing an opinion. When she initially arrives at Mr. This is the first time that she expresses any dissent with that which she is instructed to do, and she is immediately physically punished for it.
Writing letters has been a dominant form of communication for quite some time. Technology has recently changed the predominant stance of letter writing as a form of communication. According to Ruth Perry, writing letters has traditionally been a keener form of passing information than the news media.
Furthermore, the voracity of letter contents have rarely been questioned due to the nature of the communications. Perry also takes into account the universality of the letter writers, for writing and sending a letter has traditionally been an inexpensive venture.
This universality also forms realistic views of various matters Perry However, the letters give her an avenue with which to express herself regardless of gender, economic background, or literacy.
The authentic emotions and experiences that she documents in her letters mirror the authentic nature of the historical letters to which Perry refers.
For instance, when Celie initially sees Shug naked, she finds an outlet for her feelings in the way of writing a letter.
The first time Celie sees shug naked is the first time she has any sexual tenacity for another human being, and she does not have the confidence to openly state this to anyone in her world. However, these feelings are genuinely documented in her letters. I love looking at Shug.
But that the way it spose to be. But if that so, why my heart hurt me so? Here the reader sees Celie presented by herself, and there is credence in her observation of herself because it is not flattering.
Celie is open and honest in her entries regarding herself; she does not have issues with admitting her faults or her sexual affliction. Her sexual attraction to Shug is an affliction because it is clouded by societal expectations. These two movements stipulated the need for truth in expressional artform.
She asserts that letter writing contributed to realism in art.Jan 16, · Most often when we speak of ‘passing,’ we’re talking about race—about crossing the color line for political, social, economic reasons.
this avowed yearning of Clare’s for ‘my own people’” (). Whether one passes or not they are still accepted into the community and bound together by . Cross Cultural Final. STUDY. Ascription of Intelligence = assigning intelligence to a person of color or a woman based on his or her race/gender Color blindess = statements that indicate that a white person does not want to acknowledge race 2.
aims at the good of the community, not at the good of one segment of the community only. For example in the past study conducted in North Carolina, the African American race was termed by the Whites of lacking cohesion that bound them as a moral community and rather the African American race was just a unrecognisable categorization of people that just happened to be Blacks (Blu, ).
Do you think you may have been treated differently because of your: • Race, • Color, • National Origin, • Disability, • Age, • Sex, • Religion, or. A. Coping with Grief Key Points: Grief is a normal and healthy reaction that occurs when you lose someone or something important.
Although it is possible to delay or postpone grieving, it is not possible to avoid it altogether. (6) This part does not prohibit the consideration of race, color, or national origin if the purpose and effect are to remove or overcome the consequences of practices or impediments which have restricted the availability of, or participation in, the program or activity receiving federal financial assistance, on the grounds of race, color, or.